Date of Award

Spring 2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Electrical/Computer Engineering

Committee Director

Khan M. Iftekharuddin

Committee Member

Chunsheng Xin

Committee Member

Jiang Li

Abstract

In this work, machine learning tools, including recurrent neural networks (RNNs), matrix completion, and non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), are used for cognitive radio problems. Specifically addressed are a missing data problem and a blind signal separation problem. A specialized RNN called Cellular Simultaneous Recurrent Network (CSRN), typically used in image processing applications, has been modified. The CRSN performs well for spatial spectrum prediction of radio signals with missing data. An algorithm called soft-impute for matrix completion used together with an RNN performs well for missing data problems in the radio spectrum time-frequency domain. Estimating missing spectrum data can improve cognitive radio efficiency. An NMF method called tuning pruning is used for blind source separation of radio signals in simulation. An NMF optimization technique using a geometric constraint is proposed to limit the solution space of blind signal separation. Both NMF methods are promising in addressing a security problem known as spectrum sensing data falsification attack.

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