Transportation Research Record
In recent years, the New York City metropolitan area was hit by two major hurricanes, Irene and Sandy. These extreme weather events disrupted and devastated the transportation infrastructure, including road and subway networks. As an extension of the authors' recent research on this topic, this study explored the spatial patterns of infrastructure resilience in New York City with the use of taxi and subway ridership data. Neighborhood tabulation areas were used as the units of analysis. The recovery curve of each neighborhood tabulation area was modeled with the logistic function to quantify the resilience of road and subway systems. Moran's I tests confirmed the spatial correlation of recovery patterns for taxi and subway ridership. To account for this spatial correlation, citywide spatial models were estimated and found to out perform linear models. Factors such as the percentage of area influenced by storm surges, the distance to the coast, and the average elevation are found to affect the infrastructure resilience. The findings in this study provide insights into the vulnerability of transportation networks and can be used for more efficient emergency planning and management. © 2017, National Research Council. All rights reserved.
Original Publication Citation
Zhu, Y., Xie, K., Ozbay, K., Zuo, F., & Yang, H. (2017). Data-driven spatial modeling for quantifying networkwide resilience in the aftermath of hurricanes Irene and Sandy. Transportation Research Record, 2604, 9-18. doi:10.3141/2604-02
Zhu, Yuan; Xie, Kun; Ozbay, Kaan; Zuo, Fan; and Yang, Hong, "Data-Driven Spatial Modeling for Quantifying Networkwide Resilience in the Aftermath of Hurricanes Irene and Sandy" (2017). Modeling, Simulation & Visualization Engineering Faculty Publications. 8.