Date of Award

Summer 2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Psychology

Committee Director

Michael L. Stutts (Eastern Virginia Medical School)

Committee Member

Desideria S. Hacker (Norfolk State University)

Committee Member

Serina Neumann (Eastern Virginia Medical School)

Committee Member

Barbara Winstead

Committee Member

David Powell (Hampton Veterans Affairs Hospital)

Abstract

Differences in emotional adjustment were examined as predictors of medical rehabilitation gains within an inpatient setting. Specifically, the International Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form (I-PANAS-SF), along with the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), were administered to adult patients during their inpatient medical rehabilitation hospitalizations. The I-PANAS-SF was used to examine if trait affect plays a significant role in rehabilitative treatment, as well as final outcomes (i.e. total number of days spent in rehabilitative treatment, and amount of measurable cognitive and physical improvement). Previous research has demonstrated significant correlations between emotional constructs such as trait affect and medical outcomes. However, this study also aimed to demonstrate that those results could be replicated using an exceptionally brief, low-cost, non-invasive measure such as the well-validated, language-stable I-PANAS-SF. Results of this study did not find higher Trait Positive Affect (TPA) and lower Trait Negative Affect (TNA) to be significantly associated with greater gains in FIM scores, and found that higher levels of TPA were predictive of longer rehabilitation stays. Additionally, significant differences were found based on demographic of age and race, with older age having a correlation with shorter lengths of stay, and with Caucasian race being correlated to greater levels of independence at time of discharge.

ISBN

9781369170986

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