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Abstract

The interaction of Pb and Zn with Al2O3 in aqueous solution was studied as a function of pH and metal ion concentration. Results indicated the complexation of metal ions by oxide surfaces is strongly pH dependent; the extent of adsorption is a function of pH with an abrupt change within approximately 2 pH units. The adsorption of Pb and Zn on aluminium oxide can be interpreted in terms of a surface complexation formed by association with one surface AlOH group, thus releasing one bound hydrogen ion. -AlOH + M2+ = -AlOM+ + H+ . It is suggested that the major surface reaction is the formation of a monodentate inner-sphere complex.

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