Electroporation (EP) is a simple in vivo method to deliver normally impermeable molecules, such as plasmid DNA, to a variety of tissues. Delivery of plasmid DNA by EP to a large surface area is not practical because the distance between the electrode pairs, and therefore the applied voltage, must be increased to effectively permeabilize the cell membrane. The design of the multielectrode array (MEA) incorporates multiple electrode pairs at a fixed distance to allow for delivery of plasmid DNA to the skin, potentially reducing the sensation associated with in vivo EP. In this report, we evaluate the effects of field strength and pulse width on transgene expression and duration using a plasmid encoding the luciferase reporter gene delivered by intradermal injection in a guinea pig model followed by EP with the MEA. As expected, the level of luciferase expression increased with the magnitude and duration of the voltage applied. In addition to adjusting transgene expression levels by altering fielding strength, levels could also be controlled by adjusting the plasmid dose. Our results indicate that the design of the MEA is a viable option for cutaneous plasmid DNA delivery by in vivo EP to a large surface area.
Original Publication Citation
Ferraro, B., Heller, L. C., Cruz, Y. L., Guo, S., Donate, A., & Heller, R. (2011). Evaluation of delivery conditions for cutaneous plasmid electrotransfer using a multielectrode array. Gene Therapy, 18(5), 496-500. doi:10.1038/gt.2010.171
Ferraro, Bernadette; Heller, Loree C.; Cruz, Yolmari L.; Guo, Siqi; Donate, Amy; and Heller, Richard, "Evaluation of Delivery Conditions for Cutaneous Plasmid Electrotransfer Using a Multielectrode Array" (2011). Bioelectrics Publications. 116.
0000-0003-1899-3859 (Heller, R.), 0000-0001-8084-0787 (Heller, L.)