Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Physics of Plasmas






013520 (7 pp.)




Comparisons between pulsed and sinusoidal plasma jets have been extensively reported for the discharge characteristics and gaseous reactive species, but rarely for the aqueous reactive species in water solutions treated by the two types of plasma jets. This motivates us to compare the concentrations of aqueous reactive species induced by a pulsed and a sinusoidal plasma jet, since it is widely reported that these aqueous reactive species play a crucial role in various plasma biomedical applications. Experimental results show that the aqueous H2O2, OH/O2, and O2/ONOO induced by the pulsed plasma jet have higher concentrations, and the proportional difference increases with the discharge power. However, the emission intensities of OH(A) and O(3p5P) are higher for the sinusoidal plasma jet, which may be attributed to its higher gas temperature since more water vapor could participate in the plasma. In addition, the efficiency of bacterial inactivation induced by the pulsed plasma jet is higher than that for the sinusoidal plasma jet, in accordance with the concentration relation of aqueous reactive species for the two types of plasma jets. Published by AIP Publishing.

Original Publication Citation

Xu, H., Liu, D., Xia, W., Chen, C., Wang, W., Liu, Z., . . . Kong, M. G. (2018). Comparison between the water activation effects by pulsed and sinusoidal helium plasma jets. Physics of Plasmas, 25(1), 013520. doi:10.1063/1.5016510