Cold atmospheric-pressure He + N2 and He + O2 plasmas are chosen as the representatives for electropositive and electronegative plasmas, of which the discharge characteristics are studied and then compared to each other by fluid models. As the increase of the impurity (N2 or O2) fraction from 0 to 10%, for He + N2 plasmas the electron density and ion density increase, the spatiotemporal distributions of electron density, ion density, electron temperature and electron generation rate change a little. On contrast, for He + O2 plasmas the electron density decreases, the ion density first increases and then decreases, the electron temperature increases in the bulk region, but decreases in the sheath region, and the plasmas transform from ᵞ mode to α mode as the significant change of electron generation rate distributions. Larger electric field is needed in the bulk region to sustain the electronegative plasma, so the electrical characteristics of He + O2 plasmas transform form capacitive to resistive with increasing O2fraction. Meanwhile, the ion-coupling power increases dramatically, which can be estimated by a formula based on the electronegativity. A new criterion for determining the sheath boundary, |ΔE| = 5 kV/cm2, is put forward, which is found suitable for both the electropositive and electronegative plasmas.
Original Publication Citation
Liu, D. X., Li, J. F., Yang, A. J., Wang, X. H., Rong, M. Z., & Kong, M. G. (2016). Comparison between electropositive and electronegative cold atmospheric-pressure plasmas: a modelling study. High Voltage, 1(2), 81-85. doi:10.1049/hve.2016.0019
Liu, Ding X.; Li, Jia F.; Yang, Ai J.; Wang, Xiao H.; Rong, Ming Z.; and Kong, Michael G., "Comparison Between Electropositive and Electronegative Cold Atmospheric-Pressure Plasmas: A Modelling Study" (2016). Bioelectrics Publications. 159.