Review of Scientific Instruments
A Blumlein pulse generator which utilizes the superposition of electrical pulses launched from two individually switched pulse forming lines has been designed and tested. By using a power metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor as a switch on each end of the Blumlein line, we were able to generate pulses with amplitudes of 1kV across a 100Ω load. Pulse duration and polarity can be controlled by the temporal delay in the triggering of the two switches. Using this technique, we have demonstrated the generation of pulses with durations between 8 and 60ns. The lower limit in pulse duration was determined by the switch closing time and the upper limit by the length of the pulse forming line. A further advantage of the concept is that pulse distortions caused by the non-negligible on-resistance of a line with a single switch can be eliminated by using switches with identical characteristics.
Original Publication Citation
de Angelis, A., Kolb, J. F., Zeni, L., & Schoenbach, K. H. (2008). Kilovolt Blumlein pulse generator with variable pulse duration and polarity. Review of Scientific Instruments, 79(4), 044301. doi:10.1063/1.2901609
de Angelis, Andrea; Kolb, Juergen F.; Zeni, Luigi; and Schoenbach, Karl H., "Kilovolt Blumlein Pulse Generator With Variable Pulse Duration and Polarity" (2008). Bioelectrics Publications. 230.