Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Scientific Reports






12356 (1-9)




In this work, a low power microcontroller-based near field communication (NFC) interfaced with a flexible abiotic glucose hybrid fuel cell is designed to function as a battery-less glucose sensor. The abiotic glucose fuel cell is fabricated by depositing colloidal platinum (co–Pt) on the anodic region and silver oxide nanoparticles-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (Ag2O-MWCNTs) composite on the cathodic region. The electrochemical behavior is characterized using cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. This glucose hybrid fuel cell generated an open circuit voltage of 0.46 V, short circuit current density of 0.444 mA/cm2, and maximum power density of 0.062 mW/cm2 at 0.26 V in the presence of 7 mM physiologic glucose. Upon device integration of the abiotic glucose hybrid fuel cell with the NFC module, the data from the glucose monitoring system is successfully transmitted to an android application for visualization at the user interface. The cell voltage correlated (r2 = 0.989) with glucose concentration (up to 19 mM) with a sensitivity of 13.9 mV/mM•cm2.


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Original Publication Citation

Banerjee, S., & Slaughter, G. (2022). Flexible battery-less wireless glucose monitoring system. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 1-9, Article 12356.