Large marine protected areas (>30,000 km2) have a high profile in marine conservation, yet their contribution to conservation is contested. Assessing the overlap of large marine protected areas with 14,172 species, we found large marine protected areas cover 4.4% of the ocean and at least some portion of the range of 83.3% of the species assessed. Of all species within large marine protected areas, 26.9% had at least 10% of their range represented, and this was projected to increase to 40.1% in 2100. Cumulative impacts were significantly higher within large marine protected areas than outside, refuting the critique that they only occur in pristine areas. We recommend future large marine protected areas be sited based on systematic conservation planning practices where possible and include areas beyond national jurisdiction, and provide five key recommendations to improve the long-term representation of all species to meet critical global policy goals (e.g., Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Targets).
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Original Publication Citation
Davies, T. E., Maxwell, S. M., Kaschner, K., Garilao, C., & Ban, N. C. (2017). Large marine protected areas represent biodiversity now and under climate change. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 9569. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-08758-5
Davies, T. E.; Maxwell, S. M.; Kaschner, K.; Garilao, C.; and Ban, N. C., "Large Marine Protected Areas Represent Biodiversity Now and Under Climate Change" (2017). Biological Sciences Faculty Publications. 217.