Journal of Vector Ecology
Ixodes affinis Neumann is a hard-bodied (ixodid) tick known to be a competent vector for Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, and agents of other human diseases (Keirans et al. 1999). Ixodes affinis has been reported in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina and throughout coastal North Carolina (Clark et al. 1998, Harrison et al. 2010). Harrison et al. (2010) indicated that I. affinis was established throughout the coastal plain of North Carolina up to the Virginia border and suggested that I. affinis might occur in Virginia.
Original Publication Citation
Nadolny, R. M., Wright, C. L., Hynes, W. L., Sonenshine, D. E., & Gaff, H. D. (2011). Ixodes affinis (Acari: Ixodidae) in southeastern Virginia and implications for the spread of Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of lyme disease. Journal of Vector Ecology, 36(2), 464-467. doi:10.1111/j.1948-7134.2011.00191.x
Nadolny, Robyn M.; Wright, Chelsea L.; Hynes, Wayne L.; Sonenshine, Daniel E.; and Gaff, Holly, "Ixodes affinis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Southeastern Virginia and Implications for the Spread of Borrelia burgdorferi, the Agent of Lyme Disease" (2011). Biological Sciences Faculty Publications. 272.
0000-0001-9370-918X (Sonenshine), 0000-0002-4034-2684 (Gaff)