Limnology and Oceanography
Continuous surface mapping of temperature, salinity, and chlorophyll along a 300-km segment of the Gulf Stream cyclonic front defined the spatial scales of a large diatom patch that persisted throughout a 10-day study. The patch was localized in the upwelled cold core of a Gulf Stream frontal eddy centered over the 200-m isobaths off Jacksonville, Florida, in April 1979. The µ g liter-1 surface chlorophyll isopleth enclosed an area >1,000km2 with an alongshore dimension of 130km. Surface chlorophyll exceeded 5µg liter-1 within the upwelled cold core of the eddy, 10-100X higher than concentrations in Gulf Stream or resident shelf surface water. Diatoms dominated the patch with the maximum observed abundance >106 cells liter-1. Several days after the initial shipboard mapping, the size, location, and strong chlorophyll gradients of the patch were confirmed with a surface chlorophyll image generated from an ocean color scanner (OCS) flown aboard a NASA U-2 aircraft. We show that the upwelling associated with eddies forming along the Gulf Stream cyclonic front results in localized zones of high near-surface production and plant biomass that lie adjacent to oligotrophic surface waters of the Gulf Stream.
Original Publication Citation
Yoder, J. A., Atkinson, L. P., Lee, T. N., Kim, H. H., & McClain, C. R. (1981). Role of Gulf Stream frontal eddies in forming phytoplankton patches on the outer southeastern shelf. Limnology and Oceanography, 26(6), 1103-1110.
Yoder, James A.; Atkinson, Larry P.; Lee, Thomas N.; Kim, Hongsuk H.; and McClain, Charles R., "Role of Gulf Stream Frontal Eddies in Forming Phytoplankton Patches on the Outer Southeastern Shelf" (1981). CCPO Publications. 157.