Present-day surface wind stress climatology is manipulated to simulate wind conditions during the last glacial maximum. These estimated wind fields force a one-layer, wind-driven numerical model of the southern ocean to determine if a change in the strength of the surface wind stress can shift the location of the Antarctic Polar Front, which is part of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. A change in the forcing by a factor of 0.5-2.0 results in a change in the speed of the flow by an identical factor with no change in position. However, if the present-day wind climatology is shifted meridionally there is a change in both strength of the circulation and spatial pattern. A shift of the wind stress of more than 5-degrees of latitude is required to produce a shift in the location of the polar front.
Original Publication Citation
Klinck, J. M., & Smith, D. A. (1993). Effect of wind changes during the last glacial maximum on the circulation in the Southern Ocean. Paleoceanography, 8(4), 427-433. doi: 10.1029/93pa01046
Klinck, John M. and Smith, David A., "Effect of Wind Changes During the Last Glacial Maximum on the Circulation in the Southern Ocean" (1993). CCPO Publications. 172.