Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Nowcasts of the surface velocity field in Monterey Bay are made for the period August 1-9, 1994, using HF radar observations blended with results from a primitive equation model. A spectral method called normal mode analysis was used. Objective spatial and temporal filtering were performed, and stream function, velocity potential, relative vorticity, and horizontal divergence were calculated over the domain. This type of nowcasting permits global spectral analysis of mode amplitudes, calculation of enstrophy, and additional analyses using tools like empirical orthogonal functions. The nowcasts reported here include open boundary flow information from the numerical model. Nowcasts using no open boundary flow information, however, still provide excellent results for locations within the observation footprint. This method, then, is useful for filtering high-resolution data like HF radar observations, even when open boundary flow information is unavailable. Also, since the nowcast velocity gradient fields were much less noisy than the observations, this may be an effective method for preconditioning high-resolution observation sets for assimilation into a numerical model. Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union.
Original Publication Citation
Lipphardt, B. L., Kirwan, A. D., Grosch, C. E., Lewis, J. K., & Paduan, J. D. (2000). Blending HF radar and model velocities in monterey bay through normal mode analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 105(C2), 3425-3450. doi:10.1029/1999jc900295
Lipphardt, B. L. Jr.; Kirwan, A. D. Jr.; Grosch, C. E.; Lewis, J. K.; and Paduan, J. D., "Blending HF Radar and Model Velocities in Monterey Bay Through Normal Mode Analysis" (2000). CCPO Publications. 277.