Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
The Southern Ocean is characterized by high eddy activity and high particulate organic carbon (POC) content during summer, especially near Antarctica. Because it encircles the globe, it provides a pathway for inter‐basin exchange. Here, we use satellite observations and a high‐resolution ocean model to quantify offshore transport of coastal water rich in POC off the West Antarctic Peninsula. We show that nonlinear cyclonic eddies generated near the coast often trap coastal water rich in POC during formation before propagating offshore. As a result, cyclones found offshore that were generated near the coast have on average higher POC content in their interior than cyclones generated locally offshore. This results in a POC enrichment of 5.7 ± 3.0 Gg C year−1 in offshore waters off the Peninsula. Actual POC enrichment is likely substantially larger, since about half of the volume transport of coastal water is driven by small eddies that are missed by observations.
Original Publication Citation
Castelao, R. M., Dinniman, M. S., Amos, C. M., Klinck, J. M., & Medeiros, P. M. (2021). Eddy‐driven transport of particulate organic carbon‐rich coastal water off the West Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126(3), 1-13, Article e2020JC016791. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JC016791
Castelao, Renato M.; Dinniman, Michael S.; Amos, Caitlin M.; Klinck, John M.; and Medeiros, Patricia M., "Eddy-Driven Transport of Particulate Organic Carbon-Rich Coastal Water Off the West Antarctic Peninsula" (2021). CCPO Publications. 357.
0000-0001-7519-9278 (Dinniman), 0000-0003-4312-5201 (Klinck)