Groundwater Management by Linear Programming

Date of Award

Fall 1984

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Civil & Environmental Engineering


Civil Engineering

Committee Director

A. Osman Akan

Committee Member

Franklin S. Tirsh

Committee Member

William A. Drewry

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.E54S69


Three hydraulic optimization models are developed. These models combine the finite difference equations of two-dimensional groundwater flow in composite aquifers with various linear programming techniques. The hydraulic submodel employed in these hydraulic optimization models is so versatile that it accounts for time varying pumpage, leaky artesian conditions, a variety of boundary conditions, induced infiltrations from streams or rivers, and conversion from artesian to water table conditions. The objective of submodel 1 is to maximize the total hydraulic head from pumping wells at the end of a study period. The objective of submodel 2 is the same as submodel 1, but it employs a stepwise optimization procedure. The objective of submodel 3 is to maximize the total discharge from pumping wells. Comparison of results from submodels 1 and 2, as applied to various hypothetical aquifer conditions, shows that the stepwise optimization procedure is satisfactory. Also, submodels 2 and 3 are applied to the Eastern Shore of Virginia aquifer to illustrate the use of groundwater management schemes in real-life aquifer situations.


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