Marine Technology Society Journal
Hampton Roads is a populated area in the United States Mid-Atlantic region that is highly affected by sea level rise (SLR). The transportation infrastructure in the region is increasingly disrupted by storm surge and even minor flooding events. The purpose of this study is to improve our understanding of SLR impacts on storm surge flooding in the region. We develop a hydrodynamic model to study the vulnerability of several critical flood-prone neighborhoods to storm surge flooding under several SLR projections. The hydrodynamic model is validated for tide prediction, and its performance in storm surge simulation is validated with the water level data from Hurricane Irene (2011). The developed model is then applied to three urban flooding hotspots located in Norfolk, Chesapeake, and the Isle of Wight. The extent, intensity, and duration of storm surge inundation under different SLR scenarios are estimated. Furthermore, the difference between the extent of flooding as predicted by the hydrodynamic model and the “bathtub” approach is highlighted.
Original Publication Citation
Castrucci, L. and Tahvildari, N. (2018). Modeling the impacts of sea level rise on storm surge inundation in flood-prone urban areas of Hampton Roads, Virginia. Marine Technology Society Journal, 52(2), 92-105. doi: 10.4031/MTSJ.52.2.11
Castrucci, Luca and Tahvildari, Navid, "Modeling the Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Storm Surge Inundation in Flood-Prone Urban Areas of Hampton Roads, Virginia" (2018). Civil & Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications. 27.