Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Journal of Health & Pollution






201210 (15 pp.)


Background. Lead (Pb(II)) exposure from drinking water consumption is a serious concern due to its negative health effect on human physiology. A commercially available filter uses the adsorption potential of activated carbon for removing heavy metals like Pb(II). However, it has some constraints since it uses only surface area for the adsorption of these contaminants. Biochar produced via slow pyrolysis of biomass shows the presence of oxygen-containing functional groups on its surface that take part in the adsorption process, with higher removal potential compared to activated carbon.

Objectives. The current study examined the adsorption kinetics and mechanisms of Pb(II) removing potential of biochar from water using a fixed-bed continuous flow adsorption system.

Methods. The effect of initial Pb(II) concentration, mass of adsorbent (bed depth), and flow rate on adsorption potential were evaluated. The Adams-Bohart model, Thomas model, and Yoon-Nelson model were applied to the adsorption data.

Results. The maximum removal efficiency of Pb(II) was 88.86 mg/g. The result illustrated that the Yoon-Nelson model is the best fit to analyze the adsorption phenomena of Pb(II) in a fixed-bed biochar column.

Conclusions. The breakthrough data obtained from this study can be utilized to design a point of use filter that would be able to effectively remove Pb(II) from drinking water.

Competing Interests. The authors declare no competing financial interests.


© 2020 Pure Earth

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with Creative Commons Attribution License.

Original Publication Citation

Kumkum, P., & Kumar, S. (2020). Evaluation of lead (Pb(II)) removal potential of biochar in a fixed-bed continuous flow adsorption system. Journal of Health & Pollution, 10(28), 15 pp., Article 201210.