Journal of Advanced Transportation
The development of a hurricane evacuation simulation model is a crucial task in emergency management and planning. Two major issues affect the reliability of an evacuation model: one is estimations of evacuation traffic based on socioeconomic characteristics, and the other is capacity change and its influence on evacuation outcome due to traffic incidents in the context of hurricanes. Both issues can impact the effectiveness of emergency planning in terms of evacuation order issuance, and evacuation route planning. The proposed research aims to investigate the demand and supply modeling in the context of hurricane evacuations. This methodology created three scenarios for the New York City (NYC) metropolitan area, including one base and two evacuation scenarios with different levels of traffic demand and capacity uncertainty. Observed volume data prior to Hurricane Sandy is collected to model the response curve of the model, and the empirical incident data under actual evacuation conditions are analyzed and modeled. Then, the modeled incidents are incorporated into the planning model modified for evacuation. Simulation results are sampled and compared with observed sensor-based travel times as well as O-D-based trip times of NYC taxi data. The results show that the introduction of incident frequency and duration models can significantly improve the performance of the evacuation model. The results of this approach imply the importance of traffic incident consideration for hurricane evacuation simulation.
Original Publication Citation
Zhu, Y., Ozbay, K., Xie, K., Yang, H., & Morgul, E. F. (2021). Network modeling of hurricane evacuation using data-driven demand and incident-induced capacity loss models. Journal of Advanced Transportation, 2021, Article 6620254, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6620254
Zhu, Yuan; Ozbay, Kaan; Xie, Kun; Yang, Hong; and Morgul, Ender Foruk, "Network Modeling of Hurricane Evacuation Using Data-Driven Demand and Incident-Induced Capacity Loss Models" (2021). Civil & Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications. 60.