Two sediments were demineralized and sequentially fractionated into extracted fractions [free lipid (FL), bound lipid (BL) and lignin (LG)] and residual fractions [free lipid free (FLF), bound lipid free (BLF) and lignin free (LGF)]. The sorption isotherms of phenanthrene (Phen) were examined to evaluate the importance of various fractions on sorption. A lignin extraction procedure was for the first time applied to separate the lignin or degraded lignin fraction from sediment organic matter (SOM). The extracted LG was similar to model lignin in terms of elemental ratios and sorption behavior. FL and LG fractions were quite important, as their contents were much higher than reported values. Phen sorption for the extracted fractions was almost linear, whereas that for the residual fractions was nonlinear, especially for LGF with n 0.56-0.63. As the different organic fractions were removed sequentially, sorption energy distribution on the residual sediment organic matter (SOM) became more heterogeneous. In addition, increasing sorption capacity for the residual fractions, except for BLF with its high polarity, suggested that more sorption sites on the SOM matrix became accessible to Phen. The sorption capacity for LGF was comparable to that of condensed SOM. The residual fraction LGF generally controlled the overall sorption at low Phen concentration, but the extractable fraction FL surpassed the former fraction at high Phen concentration, demonstrating the importance of condensed SUM in the sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) in sediments. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original Publication Citation
Zhang, Y. L., Ran, Y., & Mao, J. D. (2013). Role of extractable and residual organic matter fractions on sorption of phenanthrene in sediments. Chemosphere, 90(6), 1973-1979. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.10.064
Zhang, Yulong; Ran, Yong; and Mao, Jingdong, "Role of Extractable and Residual Organic Matter Fractions on Sorption of Phenanthrene in Sediments" (2013). Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications. 109.