Line-of-sight wind profiles are derived from Doppler shifts in infrared solar occultation measurements from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier transform spectrometers (ACE-FTS), the primary instrument on SCISAT, a satellite-based mission for monitoring the Earth’s atmosphere. Comparisons suggest a possible eastward bias from 20 m/s to 30 m/s in ACE-FTS results above 80 km relative to some datasets but no persistent bias relative to other datasets. For instruments operating in a limb geometry, looking through a wide range of altitudes, smearing of the Doppler effect along the line of sight can impact the measured signal, particularly for saturated absorption lines. Implications of Doppler effect smearing are investigated for forward model calculations and volume mixing ratio retrievals. Effects are generally small enough to be safely ignored, except for molecules having a large overhang in their volume mixing ratio profile, such as carbon monoxide.
Original Publication Citation
Boone, C. D., Steffen, J., Crouse, J., & Bernath, P. F. (2021). Line-of-sight winds and doppler effect smearing in ACE-FTS solar occultation measurements. Atmosphere, 12(6), 1-21, Article 680. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12060680
Boone, Chris D.; Steffen, Johnathen; Crouse, Jeff; and Bernath, Peter F., "Line-of-Sight Winds and Doppler Effect Smearing in ACE-FTS Solar Occultation Measurements" (2021). Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications. 203.