Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Infrared aerosol spectra derived from Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment measurements following the June 2019 Raikoke volcanic eruption are used to evaluate the composition of stratospheric aerosols in the Arctic. A blanket of aerosols, spanning an altitude range from the tropopause (8–11 km) to 20 km, persisted in the stratosphere over northern latitudes for many months. The aerosols within this blanket were almost exclusively sulfates. The percentage of sulfuric acid in the aerosols decreased over time, dropping below 50% H2SO4 concentration at some altitudes by March 2020. Contrary to previous reports, the aerosol blanket was not comprised of smoke particles.
Original Publication Citation
Boone, C. D., Bernath, P. F., Labelle, K., & Crouse, J. (2022). Stratospheric aerosol composition observed by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment following the 2019 Raikoke eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127(18), 1-16, Article e2022JD036600. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JD036600
0000-0002-1255-396X (Bernath), 0000-0001-8831-7165 (LaBelle)
Boone, Chris D.; Bernath, Peter F.; Labelle, Keith; and Crouse, Jeff, "Stratospheric Aerosol Composition Observed by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Following the 2019 Raikoke Eruption" (2022). Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications. 229.