A Comparison of College Student-Athletes With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Nonathletes With ADHD: Academic Adjustment, Severity of Mental Health Concerns, and Complexity of Life Concerns
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Counseling and Human Services
College student-athletes traditionally experience more stressors than their nonathletic peers due to their dual roles. ADHD causes impairments in executive functioning which can cause additional stress for the college student. The combination of ADHD and student-athlete status may impact academic adjustment, mental health severity, and complexity of college life concerns. Presently, no study has explored how student-athletes with ADHD may compare with nonathletes with ADHD in terms of these elements. The purpose of this study is to address this gap in literature and by analyzing archival data collected from university students across the United States. This study utilized an ex-post facto, survey cross-sectional, correlational research design to examine archival data. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance and logistic regression. Results of the study indicated that when compared to student-athletes, nonathletes reported lower levels of academic adjustment, higher levels of severity of mental health concerns, and higher levels of complexity of college life concerns. Implications for college counseling administrators, university and athletic administrators, and students are discussed. Limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are provided.
"A Comparison of College Student-Athletes With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Nonathletes With ADHD: Academic Adjustment, Severity of Mental Health Concerns, and Complexity of Life Concerns"
(2019). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Counseling and Human Services, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/85vd-yr45