Date of Award

Spring 2017

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling & Human Services


Educ Leadership/Counseling

Committee Director

Christopher Sink

Committee Member

Gulsah Kemer

Committee Member

Christopher Glass


Although international students make up a significant percentage of the college population and contribute to higher education institutions in multiple ways, a lack of attention is paid to their safety needs. This dissertation examined the experiences and perceptions of campus safety among international college/university students in the United States. The researcher sampled participants from different institutions around the country, who self-identified as international students. A researcher-developed 53-item Likert scale questionnaire, International Students’ Safety Questionnaire (ISSQ), was administered to the sample. Findings from the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) provided evidence for the four-factor solution for the 26-item ISSQ accounting for 48.65% of the shared variance. Additionally, the ISSQ was found to have adequate internal consistency, a Cronbach alpha of .85 for the overall instrument and subscale alphas ranging from .72 to .81. Salient demographic variables, such as nationality, faith belief, college status and perceived proficiency in English, were found to be significantly linked to derived factor scores. Further, significant positive correlations were found between personality variables, such as extraversion, openness, and neuroticism, and the derived factor scores. Implications for counseling, counselor education, and higher education institutions, along with limitations and directions for future research are included.