Date of Award

Spring 2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling & Human Services


Counselor Education and Supervision

Committee Director

Christopher Sink

Committee Member

Emily Goodman-Scott

Committee Member

Janice Hawkins


This quantitative study examined relationships between demographic and pregnancy loss related predictors and scores on the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996). Participants included 355 women and men who had experienced at least one miscarriage before January 1, 2018. Data were collected through an online survey that consisted of the 21-item PTGI and a demographic and pregnancy loss related factors information sheet. Demographic information collected included gender, age, ethnicity, race, annual household income, and relationship status. Pregnancy loss related factors collected included number of pregnancies, number of miscarriages, length of gestation, assistance with conceiving, and whether the participant sought formal mental health support after the loss. Data analysis included descriptive statistics related to demographics and pregnancy loss related factors, correlations, validity and reliability analyses, and multiple regression analyses. Findings indicate several relationships between factors and PTGI scores, as well as predictions made through multiple regression analyses. Finally, limitations and implications for future research are discussed.


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