Date of Award

Winter 2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling & Human Services


Counselor Education and Supervision

Committee Director

Theodore P. Remley, Jr.

Committee Member

Shana Pribesh

Committee Member

Garrett J. McAuliffe


The positive mental health of a country's population has a direct correlation to that country's economic and social advancement. As a result, the development of the counseling profession is critical. Even though fewer than half of African member states have an existing mental health policy in place, initiatives to establish mental health policies and develop the counseling profession are underway across the African continent. In general, there is a significant deficit of counseling literature, and specifically, research on the development of the counseling profession in Africa. This grounded theory study sought to explore the experiences of counseling leaders related to the development of the counseling profession in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. Through theoretical and snowballing sampling techniques, 11 counseling leaders were sought and interviewed. Five themes emerged during the study forming a five-level model. The five conditions in the model of the development of the counseling profession in these countries include traditional/indigenous factors, societal/systemic factors, professional factors, personal factors, and results of professional counseling.


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