Date of Award

Winter 2011

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling & Human Services


Counselor Education and Supervision

Committee Director

Theodore P. Remley, Jr.

Committee Member

Sarah P. Deaver

Committee Member

Garrett McAuliffe


While the counseling community embraces the use of creative approaches in counseling and supervision, few researchers have attempted to empirically describe the process of including an art-based technique into counselor group supervision. A grounded theory design guided the exploration of the factors and processes of including one art-based technique into six counselor supervision groups. Six doctoral-level supervisors who were trained in an art-based technique known as the visual case processing method introduced the method to their group supervisees who were completing a semester-long practicum or internship. Data collection methods included individual and focus group interviews, observations of visual case presentations, document reviews of visual case drawings, and journal prompted inquiries. Results indicated that supervisor training in an art-based technique prior to implementing the technique into group supervision practice is a condition for yielding positive outcomes for counselor trainee development, client treatment, and the supervision group process.


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