Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Health, Interprofessional Practice & Education






eP2167 (1-13)


BACKGROUND Educating health professional (HP) students in environments wherein they can learn about, from, and with each other can prepare them for interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP), which may positively impact patient safety and satisfaction (Brashers et al., 2015; Health Professions Accreditors Collaborative [HPAC], 2019). IPCP is characterized by effective communication, shared values, respect for diverse disciplines and teamwork among health professionals (IOM, 2015). However, professional silos in practice can foster competition rather than collaboration. Knowledge of HP roles and responsibilities is a primary tenet of IPCP (Interprofessional Educational Collaborative [IPEC], 2011).

PURPOSE An interprofessional education (IPE) approach that combined book reading, a presentation by the author of the book, and small group discussion of a case study focused on patient safety was used to introduce students to HP roles and responsibilities and to highlight the benefits of IPCP. Patient safety is an effective platform for engaging students in IPE learning and exposing them to the benefits of teamwork and interprofessional collaboration as demonstrated in this study.

METHOD Block randomization was used to assign graduate and undergraduate students (N=167) to interprofessional groups for the IPE learning, including case discussions. There were 20 groups of 8 students and one group with the remaining 7 students. The group compositions were reviewed and it was verified prior to data collection that each group had interprofessional representation of students based on their programs of study. Most students in our sample had two or more prior IPE experiences. Pre- and post-participation attitudes about teamwork were assessed using the Teamwork, Roles, and Responsibilities (TRR) subscale of the Interprofessional Attitudes Scale (IPAS).

RESULTS There were significant changes in student attitudes toward teamwork (p < .05) and significant differences in scores based on discipline, prior IPE learning and level (graduate or undergraduate) with moderate to large effect sizes.

CONCLUSION This study demonstrates how IPE can be implemented through co-curricular learning to build upon prior IPE learning to improve both graduate and undergraduate students’ attitudes toward teamwork.


© 2021 Mishoe, et al.

This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Original Publication Citation

Mishoe, S. C., Elci, M. A., Poston, R., Tufts, K. A., & Thompson, B. (2021). Nursing, physical therapy, and cytotechnology graduate and undergraduate students attitudes toward teamwork before and after participation in an interprofessional education experience. Health, Interprofessional Practice & Education, 4(2), 1-13, Article eP2167.