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Journal of Environmental Health








The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently implemented the Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) rule that applies to pre-1978 residences because of the potential presence of lead-based paint. Enforcement of this rule may be difficult and therefore it is crucial to understand the awareness and beliefs of contractors and the general public because these will likely be major determinants of exposures resulting from residential renovation work. The study described in this article utilized two mailed surveys: one directed to the general public and the other directed to contractors. The surveys were conducted in New Jersey and Virginia. Field observations were also recorded for work sites in New Jersey. Results indicated a high awareness among the general public about the hazards of lead, a low level of screening by children's doctors for lead exposure, frequent use of work practices that generate lots of dust, poor hygiene among contractors, and the potential for low compliance of contractors with the RRP rule. In particular, contractors who do not believe lead is a serious health hazard are expected to have the lowest compliance with the RRP rule. These findings serve as targets for effective public health interventions through education and outreach.


Posted with permission from the Journal of Environmental Health, a publication of the National Environmental Health Association, Further posting of this article is restricted. For permission, contact

Original Publication Citation

Blando, J. D., Antoine, N., & Lefkowitz, D. (2013). Lead-based paint awareness, work practices, and compliance during residential construction and renovation. Journal of Environmental Health, 75(9), 20-27.