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British Journal of Nutrition




This study aimed to investigate the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and low back pain (LBP) among adolescents while adjusting for potential confounders pertinent to this age group including the weight of school bags, BMI and physical activity. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 randomly selected adolescents in middle schools. Data on LBP and the risk factors for LBP were collected from parents by a self-administered questionnaire and from adolescents by face-to-face interview. Blood samples were tested in an accredited laboratory; and 25(OH)D was measured using liquid chromatography-tandem MS. The lifetime prevalence and the 6-month prevalence of LBP were 32.28 (95 % CI 28.97, 35.73) % and 21.26 (95 % CI 18.40, 24.33) %, respectively. There was no difference in the geometric mean of 25(OH)D between those with and without LBP in the past 6 months (28.50 nmol/l and 30.82 nmol/l, respectively; P = 0.122). There was no association between 25(OH)D and LBP in the univariable or multivariable analysis whether 25(OH)D fitted as a continuous or as a categorical variable. We found no association between vitamin D level and LBP in adolescents in an area with high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. Although it is important to have sufficient vitamin D levels during adolescence for several other health benefits, we concluded that vitamin D is not a major determinant for LBP among adolescents in our setting.


© The Authors, 2020

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Original Publication Citation

Al-Taiar, A., Rahman, A., Al-Sabah, R., Shaban, L., AlBaloul, A. H., Banaee, S., & Akpinar-Elci, M. (2020). Vitamin D levels in relation to low back pain during adolescence. British Journal of Nutrition, 1-10. doi:10.1017/s0007114520000720


0000-0001-7421-3381 (Al-Taiar)