Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Michele C. Weigle
Sajal K. Das
Nanotechnology advancement promises to enable a new era of computing and communication devices by shifting micro scale chip design to nano scale chip design. Nanonetworks are envisioned as artifacts of nanotechnology in the domain of networking and communication. These networks will consist of nodes of nanometer to micrometer in size, with a communication range up to 1 meter. These nodes could be used in various biomedical, industrial, and environmental monitoring applications, where a nanoscale level of sensing, monitoring, control and communication is required. The special characteristics of nanonetworks require the revisiting of network design. More specifically, nanoscale limitations, new paradigms of THz communication, and power supply via energy harvesting are the main issues that are not included in traditional network design methods. In this regard, this dissertation investigates and develops some solutions in the realization of nanonetworks. Particularly, the following major solutions are investigated. (I) The energy harvesting and energy consumption processes are modeled and evaluated simultaneously. This model includes the stochastic nature of energy arrival as well as the pulse-based communication model for energy consumption. The model identifies the effect of various parameters in this joint process. (II) Next, an optimization problem is developed to find the best combination of these parameters. Specifically, optimum values for packet size, code weight, and repetition are found in order to minimize the energy consumption while satisfying some application requirements (i.e., delay and reliability). (III) An optimum policy for energy consumption to achieve the maximum utilization of harvested energy is developed. The goal of this scheme is to take advantage of available harvested energy as much as possible while satisfying defined performance metrics. (IV) A communication scheme that tries to maximize the data throughput via a distributed and scalable coordination while avoiding the collision among neighbors is the last problem to be investigated. The goal is to design an energy harvesting-aware and distributed mechanism that could coordinate data transmission among neighbors. (V) Finally, all these solutions are combined together to create a data link layer model for nanonodes. We believe resolving these issues could be the first step towards an energy harvesting-aware network design for wireless nanosensor networks.
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"Energy Harvesting-Aware Design for Wireless Nanonetworks"
(2015). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Computer Science, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/nabb-dn67