Date of Award

Summer 2019

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

Committee Director

Nikos Chrisochoides

Committee Director

Andrey Chernikov

Committee Member

Danella Zhao

Committee Member

Nail Yamaleev

Abstract

Mesh generation is an essential component for many engineering applications. The ability to generate meshes in parallel is critical for the scalability of the entire Finite Element Method (FEM) pipeline. However, parallel mesh generation applications belong to the broader class of adaptive and irregular problems, and are among the most complex, challenging, and labor intensive to develop and maintain. In this thesis, we summarize several years of the progress that we made in a novel framework for highly scalable and guaranteed quality mesh generation for finite element analysis in three dimensions. We studied and developed parallel mesh generation algorithms on both shared and distributed memory architectures. In this thesis we present a novel two-level parallel tetrahedral mesh generation framework capable of delivering and sustaining close to 6000 of concurrent work units (cores). We achieve this by leveraging concurrency at two different granularity levels by using a hybrid message passing and multi-threaded execution model which is suitable to the hierarchy of the hardware architecture of the distributed memory clusters. An end-user productivity and scalability study was performed on up to 6000 cores, and indicated very good end-user productivity with about 300 million tets per second and about 3600 weak scaling speedup. Both of these results suggest that: compared to the best previous algorithm, we have seen an improvement of more than 7000 times in performance, measured in terms of speed (elements per second) by using about 180 times more CPUs, for geometries that are by many orders of magnitude more complex.

DOI

10.25777/1vgz-y146

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