Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Physical Review D






094030 (1-14)


AI-supported algorithms, particularly generative models, have been successfully used in a variety of different contexts. This work employs a generative modeling approach to unfold detector effects specifically tailored for exclusive reactions that involve multiparticle final states. Our study demonstrates the preservation of correlations between kinematic variables in a multidimensional phase space. We perform a full closure test on two-pion photoproduction pseudodata generated with a realistic model in the kinematics of the Jefferson Lab CLAS g11 experiment. The overlap of different reaction mechanisms leading to the same final state associated with the CLAS detector’s nontrivial effects represents an ideal test case for AI-supported analysis. Uncertainty quantification performed via bootstrap provides an estimate of the systematic uncertainty associated with the procedure. The test demonstrates that GANs can reproduce highly correlated multidifferential cross sections even in the presence of detector-induced distortions in the training datasets, and provides a solid basis for applying the framework to real experimental data.


© 2023 American Physical Society

Published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.

Original Publication Citation

Alghamdi, T., Alanazi, Y., Battaglieri, M., Bibrzycki, Ł., Golda, A. V., Hiller Blin, A. N., Isupov, E. L., Li, Y., Marsicano, L., Melnitchouk, W., Mokeev, V. I., Montaña, G., Pilloni, A., Sato, N., Szczepaniak, A. P., & Vittorini, T. (2023). Toward a generative modeling analysis of CLAS exclusive 2𝜋 photoproduction. Physical Review D, 108(9), 1-14, Article 094030.


0000-0002-5640-3824 (Alghamdi), 0000-0003-0178-1876 (Li)