Date of Award

Summer 1981

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Dental Hygiene


Dental Hygiene

Committee Director

Michele L. Darby

Committee Member

Pamela Parker

Committee Member

Patricia A. Damon

Committee Member

Lindsay L. Rettie

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.D46 S26


This investigation assessed empathy in first year, second year, and graduate dental hygiene students, and dental hygiene educators. Change in empathy levels of students and educators over one academic year was determined by taking repeated measures of the dependent variable, empathy, as measured by the Hogan Empathy Scale, A convenience sample of subjects from two universities was included in this study.

Empathy scores were compared and analyzed by a three-way analysis of variance at the .05 level of significance and also three separate one-way analyses, Results established that graduate students and educators score significantly higher in empathy than first and second year students, and that empathy scores of students and educators do not significantly change over a one academic year period. Results also established that empathy scores do not significantly differ between the two universities, and that an interaction effect is associated with the second year students.


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