Vital Tooth Whitening: Effects on Tooth Color Satisfaction, Beliefs About Dentofacial Appearance, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults

Date of Award

Fall 2006

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Dental Hygiene


Dental Hygiene

Committee Director

Michele L. Darby

Committee Member

Gayle McCombs

Committee Member

Carleen M. Lynch

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.D46 S44 2006


The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of vital tooth whitening on tooth color satisfaction, beliefs about dentofacial appearance, and self-esteem in a population 50 years of age and older. A two-group, randomized, pre-test, post-test, single-blind design was utilized following !RB-approval. Sixty-two participants were enrolled. Fifty-three participants (N=53) completed the study with no adverse events reported. Both the control and experimental groups received instructions for a threeweek oral self-care regimen, a toothbrush, toothpaste, and floss. The experimental group also received a tooth whitening product (independent variable) to be used during the same three-week period. Dependent variable measures collected at baseline and at week three were: (1) tooth color measured using the Trubyte New Hue Vitality Scale, (2) tooth color satisfaction measured using the Tooth Color Satisfaction Scale, (3) beliefs about dentofacial appearance measured using The Beliefs about Appearance Questionnaire (ASI-R Short Form), and (4) self-esteem measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences (p< .001) in the experimental group for tooth color improvements and tooth color satisfaction. Tooth whitening did not significantly (p


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