Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Dental Hygiene


Dental Hygiene

Committee Director

Kathleen E. Russell

Committee Member

Michele L. Darby

Committee Member

Lindsay L. Rettie

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.D46M37


The aim of this investigation was to assess empathy in female dental hygiene admissions candidates and first and second year dental hygiene students. A convenience sample of subjects from Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia; the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, were included within the study.

Data were organized according to a 3 x 3 factorial research design with educational setting and student status as the non-manipulated independent variables. The dependent variable, empathy, was measured by the Hogan Empathy Scale.

Three group, two-way analysis of variance yielded no statistically significant empathy differences among levels of dental hygiene students. Results indicated a statistically significant empathy difference among dental hygiene students from the three educational settings. Additionally, no statistically significant interaction was observed among levels of dental hygiene students and their educational setting as measured by empathy scores. All comparisons were at the 0.05 level of significance.


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