Date of Award


Document Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science in Dental Hygiene (MSDH)


Dental Hygiene

Committee Director

Deborah B. Bauman (Director)

Committee Member

Michele L. Darby (Member)


This document presents a review of the literature addressing education, healthcare, healthcare delivery and finance in Pakistan and the oral health status of the Pakistani people. Considering the enormous unmet oral health needs, the insufficient supply of dental professionals and the current unstructured dental hygiene curriculum in Pakistan, this document offers a mission, vision, and goals for the new dental hygiene theoretical framework for Pakistan. Moreover, it offers recommendations for competency-based dental hygiene education and practice, professional licensing, a practice act, and a dental hygiene scope of practice to help protect the welfare of the Pakistani public, i.e., increasing the number of dental hygiene institutions, establishing the dental hygienist as the primary care provider of oral health services, enhancing the current dental hygiene curriculum, and establishing the Dental Hygiene Council with responsibility for educational requirements and regulation of dental hygienists in Pakistan.


A Review of the Literature Submitted to the Faculty of Old Dominon University in Partial Fullfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Dental Hygiene