The Quarterly Review of Distance Education
This systematic review provides a summary of studies on teaching, social, and cognitive presences in the community of inquiry (CoI) model using the CoI instrument in a higher education setting since its development in 2008 by Arbaugh et al. A total of 24 peer-reviewed studies on the CoI instrument from 2008–2017 were selected and analyzed explore the types of research on the instrument in higher education settings have been published, ways the instrument has been used for learning and teaching, and the implications the instrument poses for online instructors and instructional designers. It is organized into 4 themes: testing the instrument for validity and reliability, measuring CoI presence in different environments, examining causal relationships among the elements, and exploring potential revisions to the model.
Original Publication Citation
Redstone, A. E., Stefaniak, J. E., & Luo, T. (2018). Measuring presence: A review of research using the community of inquiry instrument. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 19(2), 27-36.
Redstone, Ana E.; Stefaniak, Jill E.; and Luo, Tian, "Measuring Presence: A Review of Research Using the Community of Inquiry Instrument" (2018). Distance Learning Faculty & Staff Publications. 6.