Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Christopher G. Bailey
Sylvain X. Marsillac
With the need for cleaner energy sources, which can displace fossil fuel, the solar cell industry is of particular interest due to the abundancy of the Sun. Silicon currently dominates terrestrial applications, but efficiency improvements have saturated. III-V based solar cells have reported the highest efficiencies, however, high costs due to substrates and fabrication processes have limited these devices to specialty applications, such as space. In order to reduce the cost associated with fabricating III-V semiconductor substrate material, two different approaches were taken in this work with a particular focus on making III-Vs more applicable outside of specialty applications, including InP, InAsnd Ge. Typical material characterization techniques were used to analyze the samples and processes studied in this thesis. The first process examined was the direct epitaxial growth of III-V materials by MOCVD on cheaper substrates. More specifically, the direct growth of InP and InAs on metal foils. A growth time study and surface coverage analysis was performed for the growth of InP. A characterization study was then conducted on the second process, the aluminum- induced crystallization of germanium to determine the effects this process had on the surface. Crystalline InP, InAs and Ge were successfully characterized in this work, and show promise for use in cheaper III-V alternatives to terrestrial energy solutions.
Lichty, Marlene L.. "Investigation of Low Cost Substrate Approaches for III-V Solar Cells" (2017). Master of Science (MS), thesis, Electrical/Computer Engineering, Old Dominion University, https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/ece_etds/18