Optimization of 8-Plate Multi-Resonant Coupling Structure Using Class-E2 Based Capacitive-Wireless Power Transfer System
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical & Computer Engineering
Capacitive-wireless power transfer (CPT) effectively charges battery-powered devices without a physical contact. It is an alternative to inductive-wireless power transfer (IPT) which is available in the present market. Compared with IPT, CPT offers flexibility in designing the coupling section. Because of its flexibility, CPT utilizes various coupling methods to enhance the coupling capacitance. Misalignment is a common issue in any WPT system. Among IPT and CPT, IPT has better performance for misalignments, but it requires bulk and expensive ferrite core to attain a high coupling coefficient. This work focuses on designing a CPT system to minimize the impact of misalignments. In this research, a novel 8-plate multi-resonant Class-E2 CPT system is developed to improve the performance of the CPT system for misalignments. The proposed CPT model expands the resonant frequency band, which results in better performance for misalignments compared with the regular 4-plate CPT system. The 8-plate coupling structure is designed to charge a 100 Ah drone battery. For this application, the coupling is formed when the drone lands on the capacitive- wireless charging pad. This work also presents the analysis of several dielectric materials with different dielectric constants. A well-designed capacitive coupler can effectively limit harmonics during the interaction between transmitter and receiver. Also, the effect of coupling plate shape is identified on the CPT system. The hardware tests indicate the round-shaped plates have better stability in coupling capacitance with the variation in frequency. The effect of misalignments is studied through the impedance tracking of the Class-E2 power converter.
Impedance plots for 50 μH, and 100 μH resonant inductors are used to determine input current peak for each case. Additionally, hardware tests are performed to study the variation of input current and output voltage for a range of frequencies. The test results indicate the efficiency at optimal impedance point for a resonant inductor with 50 μH is 8% higher compared to the CPT with a 100 μH resonant inductor which highlights the effects of the resonant inductor on efficiency. The zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) limits are also identified for varying frequencies and duty cycles. Later in this research, the optimal design of the Class-E rectifier is identified to enhance the power transfer. Several cases were considered to investigate the impact of the secondary inductor on the output voltage and the ZVS property. Hardware tests validate that under optimal conditions the efficiency of the Class-E2 based CPT system improves by 18% compared with Ar >< 1. Further work presents the advantages of 8-plate multi-resonant coupling for misalignments. The proposed model has a simple design procedure which enhances the power flow from the inverter to the rectifier section. The hardware results of the proposed 8-plate multi-resonant coupling show an increase in efficiency to 88.5% for the 20.8 W test, which is 18% higher than regular 4-plate coupling. Because of the wider resonant frequency band [455- 485 kHz], compared with regular 4-plate coupling, the proposed design minimized the output voltage drop by 15% for 10% misalignment. Even for large misalignments, 8-plate improves the CPT performance by 40% compared with 4-plate coupling.
Bezawada, Yashwanth C..
"Optimization of 8-Plate Multi-Resonant Coupling Structure Using Class-E2 Based Capacitive-Wireless Power Transfer System"
(2022). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/36zp-sz87