Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Journal of Chemical Physics






124702 (1-6)


As a classic ferromagnetic material, nickel has been an important research candidate used to study dynamics and interactions of electron, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. In this study, we specifically chose a thick, 150 nm ferromagnetic nickel (111) single crystal rather than 10–20 nm thin crystals that are typically used in ultrafast studies, and we revealed both the ultrafast heating within the skin depth and the heat transfer from the surface (skin) layer to the bulk of the crystal. The lattice deformation after femtosecond laser excitation was investigated by means of 8.04 keV subpicosecond x-ray pulses, generated from a table-top laser-plasma based source. The temperature evolution of the electron, spin, and lattice was determined using a three temperature model. In addition to coherent phonon oscillations, the blast force and sonic waves, induced by the hot electron temperature gradient, were also observed by monitoring the lattice contractions during the first couple of picoseconds after laser irradiation. This study further revealed the tens of picoseconds time required for heating the hundred nanometer bulk of the Ni (111) single crystals.


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Original Publication Citation

Li, R., Elsayed-Ali, H., Chen, J., Dhankhar, D., Krishnamoorthi, A., & Rentzepis, P. M. (2019). Ultrafast time-resolved structural changes of thin-film ferromagnetic metal heated with femtosecond optical pulses. Journal of Chemical Physics, 151(12), 124702. doi:10.1063/1.5111578