Frontiers in Neuroscience
Glioblastoma is recognized as World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV glioma with an aggressive growth pattern. The current clinical practice in diagnosis and prognosis of Glioblastoma using MRI involves multiple steps including manual tumor sizing. Accurate identification and segmentation of multiple abnormal tissues within tumor volume in MRI is essential for precise survival prediction. Manual tumor and abnormal tissue detection and sizing are tedious, and subject to inter-observer variability. Consequently, this work proposes a fully automated MRI-based glioblastoma and abnormal tissue segmentation, and survival prediction framework. The framework includes radiomics feature-guided deep neural network methods for tumor tissue segmentation; followed by survival regression and classification using these abnormal tumor tissue segments and other relevant clinical features. The proposed multiple abnormal tumor tissue segmentation step effectively fuses feature-based and feature-guided deep radiomics information in structural MRI. The survival prediction step includes two representative survival prediction pipelines that combine different feature selection and regression approaches. The framework is evaluated using two recent widely used benchmark datasets from Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) global challenges in 2017 and 2018. The best overall survival pipeline in the proposed framework achieves leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) accuracy of 0.73 for training datasets and 0.68 for validation datasets, respectively. These training and validation accuracies for tumor patient survival prediction are among the highest reported in literature. Finally, a critical analysis of radiomics features and efficacy of these features in segmentation and survival prediction performance is presented as lessons learned.
Original Publication Citation
Shboul, Z. A., Alam, M., Vidyaratne, L., Pei, L., Elbakary, M. I., & Iftekharuddin, K. M. (2019). Feature-guided deep radiomics for glioblastoma patient survival prediction. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 13, 996. doi:10.3389/fnins.2019.00966
Shboul, Zeina A.; Alam, Mahbubul; Vidyaratne, Lasitha; Pei, Linmin; Elbakary, Mohamed I.; and Iftekharuddin, Khan M., "Feature-Guided Deep Radiomics for Glioblastoma Patient Survival Prediction" (2019). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 223.
0000-0002-8125-5413 (Elbakary), 0000-0001-8316-4163 (Iftekharuddin)