Journal of the American Chemical Society
We experimentally and theoretically investigate the thermal conductivity and mechanical properties of polycrystalline HKUST-1 metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) infiltrated with three guest molecules: tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ), and (cyclohexane-1,4-diylidene)dimalononitrile (H4-TCNQ). This allows for modification of the interaction strength between the guest and host, presenting an opportunity to study the fundamental atomic scale mechanisms of how guest molecules impact the thermal conductivity of large unit cell porous crystals. The thermal conductivities of the guest@MOF systems decrease significantly, by on average a factor of 4, for all infiltrated samples as compared to the uninfiltrated, pristine HKUST-1. This reduction in thermal conductivity goes in tandem with an increase in density of 38% and corresponding increase in heat capacity of ∼48%, defying conventional effective medium scaling of thermal properties of porous materials. We explore the origin of this reduction by experimentally investigating the guest molecules’ effects on the mechanical properties of the MOF and performing atomistic simulations to elucidate the roles of the mass and bonding environments on thermal conductivity. The reduction in thermal conductivity can be ascribed to an increase in vibrational scattering introduced by extrinsic guest-MOF collisions as well as guest molecule-induced modifications to the intrinsic vibrational structure of the MOF in the form of hybridization of low frequency modes that is concomitant with an enhanced population of localized modes. The concentration of localized modes and resulting reduction in thermal conductivity do not seem to be significantly affected by the mass or bonding strength of the guest species.
Original Publication Citation
DeCoster, M. E., Babaei, H., Jung, S. S., ... Redel, E., Giri, G., & Hopkins, P. E. (2022). Hybridization from guest-host interactions reduces the thermal conductivity of metal-organic frameworks. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 144(8), 3603–3613. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c12545
DeCoster, Mallory E.; Babaei, Hasan; Jung, Sangeun S.; Hassan, Zeinab M.; Gaskins, John T.; Giri, Ashutosh; Tiernan, Emma M.; Tomko, John A.; Baumgart, Helmut; Norris, Pamela M.; McGaughey, Alan J.H.; Wilmer, Christopher E.; Redel, Engelbert; Giri, Gaurav; and Hopkins, Patrick E., "Hybridization from Guest-Host Interactions Reduces the Thermal Conductivity of Metal-Organic Frameworks" (2022). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 306.