The goal of this project is to explore a new method to efficiently remove Pb(II) ions from water by processing Undaria pinnatifida into immobilized beads using sodium alginate and calcium chloride. The resulting biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Using immobilized U. pinnatifida, we investigated the effect of various factors on Pb(II) ion removal efficiency such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, time, and underlying biosorption mechanisms. For Pb(II) ion biosorption studies, Pb(II) ion biosorption data were obtained and analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. It is found that the maximum Pb(II) ion adsorption capacity (Xm) of U. pinnatifida was estimated to be ∼5 times greater than that of activated carbon, indicating the superior Pb(II) ion removal capability of U. pinnatifida compared to activated carbon. In addition, a thermodynamic study indicates that biosorption processes are found to be endothermic and an increase in the Pb(II) ion solution temperature provides a more preferential reaction toward Pb(II) ion biosorption.
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Original Publication Citation
Namkoong, H., Biehler, E., Namkoong, G., & Abdel-Fattah, T. M. (2022). Efficient removal of lead ions from aqueous media using sustainable sources based on marine algae. ACS Omega, 7(44), 39931-39937. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.2c04322
Namkoong, Hannah; Biehler, Erik; Namkoong, Gon; and Abdel-Fattah, Tarek M., "Efficient Removal of Lead Ions from Aqueous Media Using Sustainable Sources on Marine Algae" (2022). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 341.