Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8316
Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, February 4-9, 2012, San Diego, California
Efficient application of wound treatment procedures is vital in both emergency room and battle zone scenes. In order to train first responders for such situations, physical casualty simulation kits, which are composed of tens of individual items, are commonly used. Similar to any other training scenarios, computer simulations can be effective means for wound treatment training purposes. For immersive and high fidelity virtual reality applications, realistic 3D models are key components. However, creation of such models is a labor intensive process. In this paper, we propose a procedural wound geometry generation technique that parameterizes key simulation inputs to establish the variability of the training scenarios without the need of labor intensive remodeling of the 3D geometry. The procedural techniques described in this work are entirely handled by the graphics processing unit (GPU) to enable interactive real-time operation of the simulation and to relieve the CPU for other computational tasks. The visible human dataset is processed and used as a volumetric texture for the internal visualization of the wound geometry. To further enhance the fidelity of the simulation, we also employ a surface flow model for blood visualization. This model is realized as a dynamic texture that is composed of a height field and a normal map and animated at each simulation step on the GPU. The procedural wound geometry and the blood flow model are applied to a thigh model and the efficiency of the technique is demonstrated in a virtual surgery scene.
Copyright 2012 Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this publication for a fee or for commercial purposes, and modification of the contents of the publication are prohibited.
Original Publication Citation
Aras, R., Shen, Y., & Li, J. (2012). Procedural wound geometry and blood flow generation for medical training simulators. In D.R. Holmes III & K.H. Wong (Eds.), Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8316 (831622). SPIE of Bellingham, WA. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.911264
Aras, Rifat; Shen, Yuzhong; Li, Jiang; Holmes, David R. III (Ed.); and Wong, Kenneth H. (Ed.), "Procedural Wound Geometry and Blood Flow Generation for Medical Training Simulators" (2012). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 386.