Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date




Publication Title

Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXIV, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8135




813518 (1-8)

Conference Name

Applications of Digital Image Processing XXIV: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, August 21-25, 2011, San Diego, California


3D face modeling has been one of the greatest challenges for researchers in computer graphics for many years. Various methods have been used to model the shape and texture of faces under varying illumination and pose conditions from a single given image. In this paper, we propose a novel method for the 3D face synthesis and reconstruction by using a simple and efficient global optimizer. A 3D-2D matching algorithm which employs the integration of the 3D morphable model (3DMM) and the differential evolution (DE) algorithm is addressed. In 3DMM, the estimation process of fitting shape and texture information into 2D images is considered as the problem of searching for the global minimum in a high dimensional feature space, in which optimization is apt to have local convergence. Unlike the traditional scheme used in 3DMM, DE appears to be robust against stagnation in local minima and sensitiveness to initial values in face reconstruction. Benefitting from DE's successful performance, 3D face models can be created based on a single 2D image with respect to various illuminating and pose contexts. Preliminary results demonstrate that we are able to automatically create a virtual 3D face from a single 2D image with high performance. The validation process shows that there is only an insignificant difference between the input image and the 2D face image projected by the 3D model.


Copyright 2011 Society of Photo‑Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

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Original Publication Citation

Wang, Q., Li, J., Asari, V. K., & Karim, M. A. (2011) 3D face reconstruction from limited images based on differential evolution. In A. G. Tescher (Ed.), Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXIV, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8135 (813518). SPIE of Bellingham, WA.


0000-0003-0091-6986 (Li)