Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics
Cross sections are calculated for electromagnetic wave scattering and mode transformation from magnetic and density fluctuations in a homogeneous plasma. For the special case of scattering perpendicular to the magnetic field, density fluctuations scatter ordinary to ordinary and extraordinary to extraordinary modes-but cannot transform these modes. On the other hand, magnetic fluctuations perpendicular to the field can transform modes but cannot scatter on a single branch. For incident frequencies on the order of the electron plasma frequency or gyrofrequency, the cross sections for scattering and transformation due to field and density fluctuations have a similar value. Estimates are given for scattering in a tokamak plasma with special emphasis on the question of how to detect and localize magnetic field fluctuations. Ray tracing calculations, estimates of practical limitations on polarization technique, and lower bound estimates on density and magnetic fluctuation levels show that magnetic fluctuations can be detected and localized by this method.
Original Publication Citation
Vahala, L., Vahala, G., & Bretz, N. (1992). Electromagnetic-wave scattering from magnetic fluctuations in tokamaks. Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics, 4(3), 619-629. doi: 10.1063/1.860259
Vahala, L. L.; Vahala, G.; and Bretz, N., "Electromagnetic Wave Scattering from Magnetic Fluctuations in Tokamaks" (1992). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 42.