Date of Award

Winter 2006

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Educational Foundations & Leadership


Community College Leadership

Committee Director

Linda Bol

Committee Member

Fletcher Mangum

Committee Member

Philip Reed


The effect of WIA services on the gainful reemployment of Virginia's dislocated workers was explored using a mixed method, non-experimental, ex post factoresearch design. Analysis of variance with follow-up post hoc tests probed for statistically significant differences in hourly reemployed wage and weeks dislocated determined by (a) WIA service level, (b) impact of training, (c) characteristics of training completers and non-completers, and (d) impact of dislocated worker characteristics. Qualitative methods were used to search for trends and patterns defined by the perceptions of both dislocated workers and employers.

Between 2000 and 2004, Virginia's dislocated workers averaged 1.5 years of unemployment. However, reemployment was significantly affected by short-term training resulting not only in fewer weeks without a job but also in slightly higher hourly wages. In most ethnic groups, males earned higher wages than females and obtained reemployment in fewer weeks. Dislocated workers perceived WIA service and training programs to be beneficial. Employers appreciated the benefits of WIA partnerships and utilized WIA services in identifying potential workers, testing, and funding training activities. Overall, WIA services to both dislocated workers and employers were valued.


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