Date of Award

Fall 2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Educational Foundations & Leadership

Committee Director

Dr. Dennis Gregory

Committee Member

Dr. Pilar Pazos

Committee Member

Dr. Kathleen Levingston


The Post-9/11 G.I. Bill has had a tremendous impact on higher education institutions (HEI) across the country. As of 2011, the Veterans Administration (VA) had issued G.I. Bill payments to almost 500,000 veterans. This research examines the effect of the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill on student retention in different types of HEIs in the Hampton Roads region of Southeastern Virginia, an area that has a high number of military and military-affiliated residents. Ex post facto data from various institutions have been compared, with a public university, a for-profit college, and a two-year public community college to examine the retention rates of first year students using their Post-9/11 G.I. Bill benefits between 2009 and 2010. This research contributes to the literature in several ways. First, the G.I. Bill, passed in 1944 has had limited research associated with its usage in colleges and universities (DiRamio, Ackerman, & Mitchell, 2008; Rumann, 2009). Second, with the advent of the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill, administrators of HEIs and the federal government are examining this law in two ways: the administrators are examining the amount of money coming in from this benefit and the federal government is examining the amount of money coming in from this benefit and the federal government is examining the number of dollars going out to HEIs. Third, research that has been conducted on the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill deals primarily with qualitative data; this quantitative research will provide benchmark areas for other HEIs to compare themselves as the Hampton Roads region is well represented through the use of the Post-9/11 G.I. Bill (Stripling, 2010).