American Secondary Education
This study investigated the extent to which higher-order thinking skills are promoted in social studies classes in high schools that are implementing smaller learning communities (SLCs). Data collection in this mixed-methods study included classroom observations and in-depth interviews. Findings indicated that higher-order thinking was rarely promoted in SLC classes. Interview data suggests several factors affecting teaching for higher-order thinking in SLC social studies classrooms. These include: high stakes testing, pacing pressures, teachers' dispositions and training, and teacher autonomy.
Original Publication Citation
Fischer, C., Bol, L., & Pribesh, S. (2011). An investigation of higher-order thinking skills in smaller learning community social studies classrooms. American Secondary Education, 39(2), 5-26.
Fischer, Christopher; Bol, Linda; and Pribesh, Shana, "An Investigation of Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Smaller Learning Community Social Studies Classrooms" (2011). Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications. 38.